Stocks are simply shares of individual companies. Here’s how it works: say a company has made it through its start-up phase and has become successful. The owners wish to expand, but they are unable to do so solely through the income they earn through their operations. As a result, they can turn to the financial markets for additional financing. One way to do this is to split the company up into “shares,” and then sell a portion of these shares on the open market in a process known as an “ initial public offering ,” or IPO. A person who buys Stock, is therefore buying an actual share of the company, which makes him or her a part owner – however small. This is why Stock is also referred to as “equity.”
You mention burkas. Yeah, I do agree with you that the Middle East currently has a bad streak of sexism, as well as authoritarism, extremism and such.
But we must not overlook the fact that there’s a large number of Muslims who are opposed to thas as well, and frequently even more than we are.
And a curiosity about burkas: many Muslim women actually choose to wear them out of their own free will. They are patriots and, since they consider the burka to be a symbol of their culture, wear it proudly. There has been an event where a government proposal against burkas in England (I think) was actually met with animosity from the Muslim women.